School of Psychology

Dr. Ahlam Lee

Associate Professor, School of Psychology

Dr. Ahlam Lee is an associate professor in the school of psychology at Xavier University (Cincinnati, Ohio). Prior to joining the school of psychology in Fall 2021, Dr. Lee had served as faculty of leadership studies and human resource development from Fall 2015 to Spring 2021. Before joining Xavier in 2015, she had been affiliated with Arkansas State University (Jonesboro, AR) for three years from 2012 to 2015 as an assistant professor of education.


Post-Doctoral Fellow (2011 ~ 2012). Graduate School of Education. University of Pennsylvania.

Ph.D. Educational Leadership and Policy Analysis (2011). University of Wisconsin-Madison.

M.S. Rehabilitation Psychology (2008). University of Wisconsin-Madison.

M.P.A. Public Finance and Budgeting (2005). Columbia University in the City of New York

B.S. Business Economics and Public Policy (2001). Indiana University-Bloomington

Professional Interests

Confirmation Bias, Parochial and Political Altruism, System and Social Norms, Self-Interest and Hypocrisy, Competition  


Courses Dr. Lee recently teaches: 

PSYC 220: Psychology Research

PSYC 379: Test and Measures in Psychology

PSYC 511: Advanced Statistics I

PSYC 512: Advanced Statistics II

PSYC 520: Computer Statistics Language I

PSYC 521: Computer Statistics Language II

Representative Publications (underline = students)

Lee, A. (2023). The relation between motivation and goal attainment: A correlational meta-analysis. Japanese Psychological Research.

Lee, A., Park, E., & Jo, H. (2023). Social comparison concerns and competitive attitudes of North Korean refugees and South Koreans: Measurement invariance and latent mean differences. Japanese Psychological Research. 

Lee, A. (Ed.). (2021). Refugee education: Introduction to the special section [Editorial]. British Educational Research Journal, 47(4), 787-795.

Myeong, H., & Lee, A(2021). Intergroup friendships between South Korean hosts and North Korean refugees: Implications for educational practices. British Educational Research Journal

Myeong, H., Lee, A.Park, E. AGong, Y. E, Kim, M., Jo, H.J. (2021). Psychosocial adjustment needs of North Korean refugee youth in South Korea. Journal of Refugee Studies, 34(2), 2200-2219.

Lee, A. (2020). Toward a conceptual model of hierarchical microaggression in higher education settings: A literature review. Educational Review

Lee, A. (2020). A forgotten underrepresented group: Students with disabilities’ entrance into STEM fields. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education.

Lee, A. (2020). The association between female students’ computer science education and STEM major selection: Multilevel structural equation modeling. Computers in the Schools, 37(1), 17-30.

Lee, A. (2020). Confirmation bias and irrational decision-making: Implications for human resource development in South Korea and other countries. In L. H. Lim, S. W. Yoon, & D. Cho (Eds.), Human Resource Development: Theory, Research, and Practice. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.


  • Ph.D. Educational Leadership and Policy Analysis, 2011, University of Wisconsin-Madison ;M.S. Rehabilitation Psychology, 2008, University of Wisconsin-Madison;M.P.A. Public Finance and Budgeting, 2005, Columbia University in the City of New York;B.S. Business Economics and Public Policy, 2001, Indiana University-Bloomington