Native plants are vital to conserving the natural biodiversity of a region. Native insects depend on the nutrients provided by native plants and, in turn, become the nutrient source for native birds and mammals. Without the native plants, the insects may be forced to adjust to a new pollinating cycle from foreign plants, the birds will no longer be able to use the twigs and plants that they have grown accustomed to, and the change in berry or blooming cycles will no longer coincide with the migration habits of native animals. In short, the removal of native plants or replacement with foreign plants may irreparably alter an ecosystem.
Xavier has made attempts to preserve our natural landscape by utilizing the following Ohio-native plants on-campus:
1) Acer rubrum, Red Maple 2) Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple
3) Quercus bicolor, Swamp White Oak 4) Quercus palustrus, Pin Oak
5) Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam 6) Cornus florida, Flowering Dogwood
7) Myrica pensylvanica, Northern Bayberry 8) Pinus strobus, White Pine
9) Panicum virgatum, Switchgrass 10 ) Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn