Xavier University’s College of Arts and Sciences held its Research Symposium on August 2 and 3. Twenty-three students worked with sixteen faculty members to present research on topics ranging from science to politics to music.
(15601) Sean Gravelle of Greensburg, PA and (45157) Steven Reichman of New Richmond, OH worked with Dr. Heidrun Schmitzer of Xavier’s Department of Physics to present Broadband Optical Tweezing. Sean is the son of Dr. Steven & Ms. Anne Gravelle and is a junior physics major at Xavier. He also has minors in French and music. Steven is the son of Don & Sandra Reichman and is also a junior physics major. He has a minor in mathematics. Their research studied broadband optical tweezing, using light to manipulate microscopic particles in a process analogous to the "tractor beams" of science fiction. They found that a superluminescent diode is capable of excellent optical tweezing at power levels much lower than those possible using lasers. Optical tweezing using sunlight will be much more difficult and requires further work and investigation. Optical tweezing lays the foundation for other work, such as medical research.
(20148) Lindsey Bynum of Ashburn, the daughter of Laura & Andreas Bynum, worked with Dr. Barbara Hopkins of Xavier’s Department of Chemistry to present A Hyphenated Technique for the Determination of Organo-Arsenic Compounds. Lindsey is a senior chemistry major at Xavier. She worked on developing a hyphenated technique to the determination of two organo-arsenic compounds: Roxarsone and para-Arsanilic Acid. These are commonly added to chicken feed to promote egg production and help prevent digestive problems. A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) instrument was used to separate the two compounds, then atomic spectroscopy with the graphite furnace was used to quantify the amount of the organo-arsenics. Bynum continues to work on this project, but was able to successfully link these two techniques using standard solutions. Now, she is working on applying the hyphenated technique to real world samples.
(22003) Philip Chevalier of Annandale, the son of Mark & Karen Chevalier, worked with Dr. Gabe Gottlieb of Xavier’s Department of Philosophy to present Fichte on Rights and Morality. Philip is a junior philosophy major at Xavier.
(43015) Nicholas Turon of Delaware, the son of Mark & Mary Turon, worked with Dr. Kaleel Skeirik of Xavier’s Department of Music to present Contemporary Art Music and Culture: Music as a Public Good.
Nicholas is a senior music education major with a minor in mathematics.
(43560) Patrick Schlembach of Sylvania, the son of Thomas & Barbara Schlembach, worked with Dr. Christine Anderson of Xavier’s Department of History to present Discovering History Through Sources: An Introduction to the Issue of Housing in Cincinnati’s Post-War Period. Patrick is a junior in Xavier’s Philosophy, Politics & the Public honors program, majoring in history and minoring in theology.
(44077) Jessica Stavole of Painesville and (45207) Teckla Akinyi and (45242) Frank Bertsch of Cincinnati worked with Dr. Justin Link of Xavier’s Department of Physics to present Exploring the Unfolding of the Protein Cytochrome C Using Various Methods. Teckla is a sophomore physics major. Frank, the son of Drs. Robert & Brenda Bertsch, is a junior double majoring in physics and computer science and minoring in mathematics. Jessica, the daughter of William & Denise Stavole, is a biology and physics double major with a minor in environmental studies.
(44133) Patrick McBride of North Royalton, the son of Kevin & Patricia McBride, worked with Dr. Thomas Strunk of Xavier’s Department of Classics to present One Symptom of Declining Political Libertas in Tacitus’ Annals. Patrick is a senior in Xavier’s Honors Bachelor of Arts program, majoring in philosophy.
(44512) Jamie Mulichak of Boardman worked with Dr. Jessalynn Strauss of Xavier’s Department of Communication Arts to present Tweets From Sin City. Jamie is a senior in public relations at Xavier with a minor in business. She is the daughter of John & Jeannie Mulichak.
(45011) Rachael Barge of Liberty Township, the daughter of James Barge & Mary Alliston, worked with Dr. William Anyonge of Xavier’s Department of Biology to present The Relationship between Feeding Type and Skull Structure in Ungulates. Rachael is a senior biology major at Xavier.
(45069) Jason Nicholson of West Chester worked with Dr. Anas Malik of Xavier’s Department of Political Science to present Islamic Institutions and Constitutional Processes in Pakistan and Beyond. Jason is a junior political science major at Xavier.
(45140) Ashley Freeland of Loveland, the daughter of Michael & Mary Freeland, worked with Dr. Mack Mariani of Xavier’s Department of Political Science to present Defining the Gender Gap in American Politics. Ashley is a senior at Xavier, majoring in political science with minors in peace studies and gender and diversity studies. Her research focused on the gender gap in voting between men and women. Since the early 1980s, women have voted at a higher rate for the Democratic party and men have voted at a higher rate for the Republican party. Her research focused on how higher rates of economic vulnerability among women may be driving this persistent gap. “Through our research and data,” Freeland says, “we found that when controlling for family income, the gender gap in voting largely disappears for wealthy and lower income voters. At the same time, a gender gap remains with middle income voters due to differences in the way middle income men and women perceive their economic well-being. Overall, the gender gap in voting persists because women make up a larger percentage of the population in lower and middle income categories; thus, women tend to identify more than men with the Democratic Party due to the party’s emphasis on social safety nets for the most vulnerable members of society.”
(45247) Laura Kaiser of Cincinnati, the daughter of Robert & Elsie Kaiser, worked with advisor Dr. Steven Herbert of Xavier’s Department of Physics to present Superconductivity and Josephson Junctions. Laura is a junior at Xavier majoring in physics with a minor in mathematics.
(45243) Bryan Clippinger and (45249) Dan Hellmann of Cincinnati, (45742) Morgan Martin of Little Hocking, OH, and (47303) Katie Scheidler of Muncie worked with Dr. Adam Bange of Xavier’s Department of Chemistry to present Detection of Trace Contaminants Using Voltammetric Stripping Methods. Bryan, the son of Carl & Jackie Clippinger of Madeira, is a junior at Xavier majoring in biology and minoring in philosophy. Dan, the son of Drs. Robert & Gail Hellman of Cincinnati, is a Xavier junior majoring in natural sciences. Morgan, the daughter of Richard & Deborah Martin of Little Hocking, OH, is a junior chemistry major. Katie, the daughter of Daniel & Anne Scheidler of Muncie, is a junior biology major with minors in chemistry and peace studies. Their research, in the field of electrochemistry, tried to find riboflavin concentrations in solution using a potentiostat. They found this was hindered by things like pH levels and side reactions.
(45432) Melissa Nelson of Beavercreek, the daughter of Sharon & Charles Nelson, worked with Dr. William Anyonge of Xavier’s Department of Biology to present Estimation of Body Mass in an Extinct Hyena.
Melissa is a senior natural sciences major at Xavier.
(45434) Nick Posey of Beavercreek worked with Dr. Richard Mullins of Xavier’s Department of Chemistry to present To Catch a Bacteria: Synthesis of Deoxy Alpha Mannose Derivatives and the Study of Their E.Coli Binding Capabilities. Nick is a senior chemistry major at Xavier and the son of Anne & Richard Posey.
(46250) Anna Reid of Indianapolis, the daughter of William & Michele Reid, worked with Professor Blis DeVault of Xavier’s Department of Communication Arts to present The Sanctity of Sanctuary: Paul Strauss and the Equinox Farm. Anna is a senior information systems major who is also minoring in electronic communication.
(55311) Jake Heath of Osseo, the son of Thomas & Linda Heath, worked with Dr. Justin Link of Xavier’s Department of Physics to present Musing on Muons. Jake is a junior at Xavier, double majoring in physics and English. He is also editor-in-chief of the Xavier Newswire.