- Read the EBP introduction.
- View the database videos.
- Find an article in a research database.
- Determine the level of evidence for your article.
- Use the glossary to define terms you do not understand.
- Analyze your article using the PICO form.
Read this brief introduction to evidence-based practice:
Evidence-based practice is the conscientious use of current best evidence in making decisions about client/patient care. It is a problem-solving approach to clinical practice that integrates:
- A systematic search for and critical appraisal of the most relevant evidence to answer a clinical question
- One's own clinical expertise and experience
- Client/patient preferences and values
This tutorial will focus on the search for and critical appraisal of relevant evidence in the journal literature.
1Melnyk, B.M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (pg. 6).
2. Database Video (optional, but the EBP Tips in part 3 are essential.)
View one of the video tutorials below to learn how to search an EBSCO or OSearch database and find articles that provide some level of evidence for practice.
3. Database Search
Find a research article that provides some level of evidence for practice in one of the Highly Recommended research databases for your discipline.
If you viewed the EBSCO video, select an EBSCO database (for example, CINAHL, MEDLINE or Social Work Abstracts). If you viewed the OhioLINK video, select an OhioLINK database (for example, ERIC or PsycINFO).
Follow one of the links below to select your database. Make sure to follow the instructions in the EBP Tip for the database.
4. Level of Evidence2
Determine the level of evidence for your article using the table below.
2Melnyk, B.M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (pg. 10).
5. Glossary3 (optional)
Use this glossary to define terms you do not understand, such as types of research methods or statistical concepts. For example, a systematic review is:
A review of a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select, and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect and analyse data from the studies that are included in the review. Statistical methods (meta-analysis) may or may not be used to analyse and summarise the results of the included studies.3
3Cochrane Collaboration. Glossary of Cochrane Collaboration terms. Retireved February 8, 2007 from http://www.cochrane.org/resources/glossary.htm.
6. PICO Analysis4
Analyze the article you found using this PICO form. The acronym PICO stands for:
- Patient/client population of interest
- Intervention of of interest
- Comparison of interest
- Outcome of interest
When you click the SUBMIT button on the bottom of the form your responses will be emailed to your professor.