What is Plagiarism? Examples

Paper Mills

Buying or using a paper from a research service or term paper mill constitutes plagiarism. Purchasing a paper from a site such as the one in this constitutes plagiarism because the student is turning in a paper he or she did not research and write.

DO DON'T

Citing Sources

When your ideas are based on someone else’s work or when someone else’s work contributes or strengthens the ideas of your work, you must cite the source not only in the body of your paper but in the list of references at the end of your paper.  Failing to cite a source constitutes plagiarism.

CITING A SOURCE IN THE BODY OF A PAPER CITING A SOURCE IN A LIST OF REFERENCES

Paperback books seemed to offer little of intellectual or pedagogical value to teachers before World War II. Even after the war, many teachers blithely assumed paperbacks had not changed, and given the often lurid covers,  teachers seemed to have a point, although it was more superficial than  real. Administrators and parents continued to object even after the Bible,  Plato's Dialogues, and Four Tragedies of Shakespeare proved to teachers  and librarians that paperbacks had merit. Students discovered even earlier  that paperbacks were handy to stick in a purse or back pocket, and  paperback titles were appealing, not stodgy, as were most textbooks.  So paperbacks came to schools, censors notwithstanding, and these  cheap and ubiquitous books created problems galore for teachers. (Nilsen and Donelson, 398)

Alleen Pace Nilsen and Kenneth L. Donelson, Literature for Today's Young Adults. New York: Addison-Wesley   Longman, 2001.

Direct Quotes

The example above is actually a direct quote from Nilsen and Donelson's book. Direct quotes must be enclosed in quotation marks to prevent plagiarism.

DON'T DO
Paperback books seemed to offer little of intellectual or pedagogical value to teachers before World War II. Even after the war, many teachers blithely assumed paperbacks had not changed, and given the often lurid covers,  teachers seemed to have a point, although it was more superficial than  real. Administrators and parents continued to object even after the Bible,  Plato's Dialogues, and Four Tragedies of Shakespeare proved to teachers  and librarians that paperbacks had merit. Students discovered even earlier  that paperbacks were handy to stick in a purse or back pocket, and  paperback titles were appealing, not stodgy, as were most textbooks.  So paperbacks came to schools, censors notwithstanding, and these  cheap and ubiquitous books created problems galore for teachers. (Nilsen and Donelson, 398)
"Paperback books seemed to offer little of intellectual or pedagogical value to teachers before World War II. Even after the war, many teachers blithely assumed paperbacks had not changed, and given the often lurid covers,  teachers seemed to have a point, although it was more superficial than  real. Administrators and parents continued to object even after the Bible,  Plato's Dialogues, and Four Tragedies of Shakespeare proved to teachers  and librarians that paperbacks had merit. Students discovered even earlier  that paperbacks were handy to stick in a purse or back pocket, and  paperback titles were appealing, not stodgy, as were most textbooks.  So paperbacks came to schools, censors notwithstanding, and these  cheap and ubiquitous books created problems galore for teachers." (Nilsen and Donelson, 398)

Paraphrasing

Another way to avoid plagiarism is to explain the ideas of another author in your own words. However, even though you have paraphrased you still need to cite the source of the author's ideas. Avoid plagiarism by paraphrasing ideas and citing the source.

DIRECT QUOTE PARAPHRASED
"Paperback books seemed to offer little of intellectual or pedagogical value to teachers before World War II. Even after the war, many teachers blithely assumed paperbacks had not changed, and given the often lurid covers,  teachers seemed to have a point, although it was more superficial than  real. Administrators and parents continued to object even after the Bible,  Plato's Dialogues, and Four Tragedies of Shakespeare proved to teachers  and librarians that paperbacks had merit. Students discovered even earlier  that paperbacks were handy to stick in a purse or back pocket, and  paperback titles were appealing, not stodgy, as were most textbooks.  So paperbacks came to schools, censors notwithstanding, and these  cheap and ubiquitous books created problems galore for teachers." (Nilsen and Donelson, 398) Paperbacks weren't useful to teachers before World War II. Even later, teachers believed paperbacks hadn't changed.  Parents and administrators were still against paperbacks even when librarians  and teachers realized that some classics were published in paperback. Students thought that paperbacks were easy to carry. They thought paperbacks were less boring than textbooks. But when paperbacks came to school, they caused trouble for teachers. (Nilsen and Donelson, 398)

Re-Used Term Papers

Turning in a paper written by someone else constitutes plagiarism.

ORIGINAL PAPER FROM 1998 PLAGIARIZED PAPER IN 2013

Understanding Writing Disorders: A Complex Synthesis of Cognitive, Affective, and Situational
Variables

Patsy Forrest

English 405

May 6, 1998

Understanding Writing Disorders: A Complex Synthesis of Cognitive, Affective, and Situational
Variables

John Anderson

Education 548

December 15, 2013

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