Jesuit Terms W
Ward, Mary (1585-1645)
Pioneer for Women in ministry; "venerable"
Born in 1585 into a devoted Catholic family in Yorkshire, from childhood Mary Ward knew religious persecution, not unlike trouble spots in today’s world: raids, imprisonment, torture, execution. Frequently separated from her family for her own protection, Mary was inspired by their steadfast heroism. At age fifteen, she felt called to become a religious. Since religious communities had been dispersed decades previously in England and on the continent, cloistered life was the only option for women at that time. She left England to become a Poor Clare. Through special graced insights, God showed her that she was to do something different and would manifest God’s glory. Leaving the Poor Clares, she worked in disguise to preserve the Catholic faith in England before founding a community of active sisters in 1609 at St. Omer in present-day Belgium. Without cloister, she and her companions educated young women, helped persecuted and imprisoned Catholics, and spread the word of God in places priests could not go. The Sisters lived and worked openly on the continent, but secretly in England to nurture the faith.
At one time, she was imprisoned in England for her work with outlawed Catholics. Many who knew her, from bishops and monarchs to simple people, admired her courage and generosity. In days before Boeing 747’s or even Amtrak, she traveled Europe on foot, in dire poverty and frequently ill, founding schools in the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, Austria, and in today’s Czech Republic and Slovakia. Criticized and maligned for her efforts to expand the role of women in spreading the faith, she was imprisoned by Church officials who called her a dangerous heretic. Her work was destroyed, her community suppressed, and her sisters scattered. Never abandoning her trust in God’s guidance, she died in York, England, in 1645 during the Cromwellian Civil War. To the end, she trusted totally that what God had asked of her would be accomplished in the future.
Mary Ward taught by example and words. Act “without fear… in quiet confidence that God will do his will in the confusion.” Her unwavering fidelity to “that which God would” was nourished by deep contemplative prayer. To Mary, God was the “Friend of all friends.” She lived her fidelity with cheerfulness and a passion for truth. What may seem to us ordinary was startling in her time: she had no pattern to follow when she established her community for women, except the life and work followed by the Jesuit men. She sought to empower women to fulfill whatever part God called them to play, as did the women in the Acts of the Apostles, as women concerned for the poor. Mary and her companions established free schools, nursed the sick and visited prisoners. Even her Protestant neighbors attested to her love for the poor and her perseverance in helping them. Her concept of freedom for her community, externally from cloister, choir, habit, and rule by men, and internally in the ability to “refer all to God,” enabled her to live undeterred by adversity, never deviating from the way God called her. She invited her followers to “become lovers of truth and workers of justice.”
Not until 1909 did the Church finally recognize Mary Ward as founder of the IBVM. She was a pioneer for women’s role in Church ministry and a woman ahead of her time in shaping apostolic religious life as we know it today. Mary Ward expected much and believed with all her heart that, “Women in time to come will do much.”
In December 2009 Pope Benedict XVI recognized Mary Ward as a woman of “heroic virtue” and conferred on her the title “venerable.”
Copyright 2005 by the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, IBVM. All Rights Reserved
Reprinted with permission.
Each fall, six western Jesuit universities sponsor a conference called Western Conversations in Jesuit Higher Education bringing faculty delegates together for in-depth discussions on important topics related to the Jesuit Catholic educational mission. Participating institutions include Gonzaga University, Loyola Marymount University, Regis University, Santa Clara University, Seattle University and the University of San Francisco.
See Juana, S.J.
- GC 34, Decree 14: Jesuits and the Situation of Women in Church and Civil Society
- A Woman Jesuit
- The Influence of Mary on Ignatius Loyola
Drs. Margo Heydt and Sarah Melcher
- The Role of Women in Jesuit Education
Women, Ignatius of Loyola and
Women Religious in the U S after Vatican II, Life and Work of Apostolic –
A new prophetic “life-form”
One consequence of the Vatican investigation of U S women’s apostolic communities (launched in 2009) was a new sense of awareness of their distinctive identity. Sandra Schneiders, IHM, articulated this sense in a series of five essays for the National Catholic Reporter online. Here are some of the characteristics she identifies:
• Women’s religious life, despite the numbers, is not dead or
dying; it will survive.
• The three vows are maintained and reinterpreted to yield new
life—consecrated celibacy gives the freedom to go where
the need is; obedience is given to the gospel and not to a
superior; poverty is real when sisters live among and/or work
with the poor.
• Community life happens because the sisters interact with one another
in frequent and meaningful ways, not because they live under the
• After the gospel, the “bible” of post-Vatican II sisters is the last
document of the Council “The Church in the Modern World.”
• These sisters do not belong to the clerical power structure of the
church. Rather than being at the center, they are at the margin
where they can exercise a critical and prophetic role over against
the failures of the main stream. (If they were ordained, they
would lose their marginality, their “power.”)
• In contrast to male religious orders who tend to keep corporate
institutional ministries, sisters’ ministries are often individual—
just one sister among lay people.
• The distinctiveness of individual communities and spiritualities
is giving way to a sense of solidarity across community lines;
collaboration in formation, living, and ministry is common.
For a fine summary of Schneiders’ presentation, see McBrien,, “Essays in Theology” (March 16 and 23, 2010), National Catholic Reporter online.
JESUIT A TO Z: An expanded version of the publication "Do You Speak Ignatian?"