Environmental Management Approach
After a thorough review of the AOD prevention/intervention literature and current AOD efforts at benchmark universities, Xavier agreed to implement the Environmental Management Approach. The U.S. Department of Education and the Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention explain that Environmental Management (EM) is a comprehensive public-health model grounded in the Social Ecological theory of behavior change. EM not only includes prevention/intervention programs for individuals but also targets campus and community environmental risk factors that contribute to AOD abuse, misuse and violence.
The EM framework includes four content areas of strategic action that when implemented in unison equates to a comprehensive and impactful plan for AOD prevention and intervention. Guided by the EM framework, Xavier developed a strategic plan of prevention that coincides with each of the four EM content areas.
The four content areas include,
- Environmental Change
- Early Intervention
- Health Protection